The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) govern not only the shipment or transfer of export-controlled items (e.g., technical data,software, materials, and equipment) outside the U.S., but also access to certain export-controlled items to non-U.S. persons within the U.S. In addition, the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) regulations impose sanctions and embargoes on transactions or exchanges with designated countries, entities and individuals.
The export regulations are in place to protect not only the economic vitality of U.S., but to prevent the diversion of technologies used against U.S. interests. The University of Arizona recognizes these laws support vital national security, economic, and foreign policy interests.
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
The Department of State’s responsibility for the control of the permanent and temporary export and temporary import of defense articles and services is governed primarily by 22 U.S.C. 2778 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA).
Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
The Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is charged with the development, implementation and interpretation of U.S. export control policy for dual-use commodities, software, and technology.
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)
The Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to national security that impact the foreign policy or economy of the United States.